Motive waves have a five wave structure or a combination of a five wave structure. There are essentially 3 types of flat corrections. 

We mentioned before a double or triple zigzag.

Elliott Wave Principle Glossary of Terms 

If you master Elliott wave correction patterns, you will be able to get in at the ground floor and ride the trend until the end!

This is because the extended wave is also an impulse. You may have a few degrees of extensions within one impulse wave. Impulse Wave Truncation Truncated Fifth There are times when the market has become so over-extended in Wave 3 that there is not much force left for the impulse wave to come to a proper completion.

When this happens, there is a chance that the last wave of the impulse, Wave 5, will not reach the end of Wave 3 before the market starts correcting in the opposite direction. At this point, the market is just too exhausted. It often occurs after a particularly strong third wave, although there is also a chance that sentiment, for whatever reason, has become so strong in the opposite direction of the trend that a Wave 5 will not terminate beyond the price of Wave 3.

Diagonal Waves A Diagonal Wave is the second type of motive wave. It is not an impulse wave. However, like all motive waves, its goal is to move the market in the direction of the trend. Also, like all motive waves, it consists of five sub-waves. The difference is that the diagonal looks like a wedge - either expanding or contracting. Also, the sub-waves of the diagonal may not have a count of five, depending on what type of diagonal is being observed.

This is explained below. As with the motive wave, each actionary sub-wave of the diagonal never fully retraces the previous actionary sub-wave, and sub-wave 3 of the diagonal may not be the shortest wave. Ending Diagonals The ending diagonal is a special type of wave that occurs in Wave 5 of an impulse, or the last wave of a correction pattern - Wave C of an A, B, C correction.

This wave often occurs when the preceding move of the trend has gone too far, too fast and has run out of steam. In all cases, they are found at the end of the higher degree motive or corrective wave. This wave pattern indicates the termination of the previous trend of one higher degree. The wave-structure of an ending diagonal is different from the impulse wave.

Where the impulse wave had a general structure count of , the ending diagonal has a structure count of All five of the waves of an ending diagonal break down to only three waves each, indicating exhaustion of the larger degree trend. Also, Wave 2 and Wave 4 may overlap each other. Most ending diagonals have a wedge shape to them where they fit within two converging lines.

However, there are cases where the wedge is expanding though it is rare. Please keep in mind that the sub-waves of the ending diagonal, consisting of three waves each, are corrective in nature. See the section on corrective waves for more detail on their formation.

Leading Diagonals Leading diagonals are rare, and are found in either the Wave 1 position of an impulse wave, or in the Wave A position of a zigzag correction. They have a wave structure like an impulse, but in this case, Wave 2 and Wave 4 overlap, and they form a wedge pattern with converging boundary lines. Because of the five-wave subdivisions of Waves 1, 3, and 5, this pattern indicates continuation of the trend where the ending diagonal pattern of indicates termination of the trend.

After the market corrects - and does not correct beyond the beginning of the leading diagonal - one can expect the trend to continue in the direction of the leading diagonal. Types of Corrective Waves When markets move against the trend of one higher degree, they do so with an apparent struggle. This resistance prevents the pattern that forms from developing a motive type of structure, and the patterns that form are more varied than in the motive wave type.

An analyst must exercise patience and flexibility when dealing with corrective waves. The sharp corrections move steeply against the trend of one higher degree and the sideways correction appears to form a flat type of structure that often goes back to the price of where it began before ending the correction. More details on these are given below, broken down into four main categories.

Please keep in mind that although corrections are often seen as declining in price, the reality is that the market can correct up or down, depending on the trend of higher degree. The sub-wave sequence is We have seen this above in our expanded corrective wave pattern. The A and C waves are motive waves with 5 sub-waves , while the B wave is corrective often with 3 sub-waves. The zigzag is known to form a sharp style of correction, and in an impulse wave, usually shows up in the second wave position.

Zigzags may also form in combination and form what is called a double zigzag or even a triple zigzag, where two or three zigzags form connected by another corrective wave between them. More detail on the rules for these are given below when we talk about combination corrections. Flat Corrections The flat correction is another three-wave correction where the sub-waves form a structure. Although a running flat is one of the trickiest patterns to call as it develops. Here are the guidelines for triangle waves: Triangle waves usually contract the range of price action from beginning to end.

Each internal wave takes a three wave form, and the triangle subdivides into a pattern. An ABCDE pattern causes a sideways movement that is usually associated with decreasing volume and volatility. Elliott wave triangle waves usually occur in the position of wave B or wave 4 of the larger pattern.

A triangle wave is usually the penultimate move in the larger Elliott wave pattern and leads to an explosive move back into the larger trend. The contracting triangle is a horizontal contraction in range of the price. An Elliott wave triangle traces out five internal moves each of three waves.

The distance traveled by each subsequent wave reduces in length. This has the effect of contracting the range of the wave, hence the name! Descending triangle A descending triangle usually appears in a downtrend.

The lower bound of this Elliott wave triangle pattern holds in a flat line while the top trend line drops as usual, and the overall range of prices contracts. Expanding triangle An elliott wave expanding triangle appears in both downtrends and up-trends. The top trend line rises and the bottom trend line falls, and the overall range of prices expands into wave 'e'. This time the end of wave 'b' of the elliott wave triangle is used to place a trend trade.

Put the Impulse wave pattern and the Zig-Zag wave pattern together and you get a complete 8 wave cycle. Do you see any of the above wave patterns on it? Elliott wave analysis does not come easy and takes a lot of practice, so you might not.

As a Trendy Stock Charts member, I provide all sorts of resources to help with the identification of a stock's Elliott wave pattern. Elliott wave theory is one of my favorite methods of technical analysis. Learning how to apply and trade stocks using this theory is one of the largest contributors to my success the last several years. I can identify the most probable Elliott wave pattern on almost every stock chart.

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This is the main resource to patterns that compose the Elliott wave principle, written by internationally known author and trader Thomas Bulkowski.

Before one can begin to identify the types of patterns Elliott discovered, and the rules that govern them, it is a good idea to first learn about the labeling of wave degrees. If you master Elliott wave correction patterns, you will be able to get in at the ground floor and ride the trend until the end! 

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Labeling Wave Degrees

Technical analysis is based on pattern recognition. The Elliott Wave Principle is a more specific method, which uses its own patterns. They are as follows. Today, we will explore the various Elliott Wave Patterns. Elliott Wave can be one of the most confusing things that you’ll try to learn in your .

9 Elliott wave patterns - impulsive and corrective Elliott waves. Basics of Elliott wave theory, Elliot wave forms. Elliott wave theory is a form of technical analysis developed by R.N. Elliott. Elliott wave patterns can be used to calculate share price targets.

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