Here's what being 'hawkish' or 'dovish' on monetary policy means

For example, if a bank is paying just 2 percent to borrow funds from the Federal Reserve Bank, it is likely to offer its clients a low rate.

Using a number of key indicators, this group sets the nation's interest rates. They act this way because it spurs economic growth through increasing demand for consumer borrowing which in turn propels consumer spending. 

This cools economic activity a bit, and importantly, it keeps inflation in check.

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Dovish Fed: What Does It Mean To Be Hawkish? By admin With a plethora of news coming out of the United States Federal Reserve lately, there are two terms that are regularly used to describe the sentiments of the Fed officials.

As a disclaimer, many if not all involved agree that some form of easing was necessary to calm the markets when the crisis initially began. However, the length and magnitude of the easing policies were heavily debated, and explicitly reveal the differences between hawks and doves.

The easing was a form of monetary policy, in which the U. Yet, in many Fed officials argued over how much longer the policy should continue, and by doing so provided prime illustrations of hawks and doves. Jeffery Lacker, chief of the Richmond Fed, argued that the easing policy has run its course and that it was time to dial it back before inflation became prominent. Charles Evans, president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, was of the mindset that the easing must continue until economic growth indicators reached higher and more optimistic levels.

Within this disagreement, Lacker was exposed as taking a hawkish stance, while Evans was revealed to be a dove. The best example of how the two camps view the potential effects of inflation is seen in two of their quotes.

But it could well be later in the year, or whatever. Federal Reserve is comprised of both dovish and hawkish policymakers. However, the current Fed Chair Janet Yellen has acted and spoken in a manner that suggests she is more dovish than hawkish. Despite voting to raise the federal funds rate in December, for the first time in a decade, Yellen has since cited global economic uncertainty as the reason as to why she is shying away from raising the rate again. Yellen is more moderate than her predecessor Ben Bernanke, but is still regarded as leaning more towards the dovish way of thinking.

This means that the market should expect the Fed Chair to speak and act in a manner that may acknowledge the dangerous side of inflation, but will ultimately prioritize economic growth. A truly defined dove will promote policies and take action that prioritizes economic growth regardless of the potential inflation that will occur along with it. Yet, by definition, hawks will spurn economic growth so long as it ensures that inflation does not occur, for they believe the negative effects of inflation are worse than just about any other economic indicator.

Similar to many other two sided arguments, the correct solution lies somewhere in the middle of both. Acting too dovish-ly will bring about monumental inflation, which destroys the buying power of a currency and could ultimately bring about recession or depression. At the same time, taking too hard of a hawkish stance could slow down economic growth to the point where the economy could even begin to contract while unemployment surges. Thus, it is best to comprise central banks with officials who disagree with one another, so as to prevent the downsides of fully embracing either a dovish or hawkish mindset, yet at the same time reaping the benefits of both sides of the discussion.

However, the policy is said to be dovish if the RBI sees an easing of the inflationary pressure going forward in its commentary. The outlook projected by RBI in every policy statement makes it dovish or hawkish. On the other hand, if disinflation, adjusting for base effects, is faster than currently anticipated, it will provide headroom for an easing of the policy stance," RBI says on the policy rate outlook in its statement.

This really means that RBI is willing to look at cutting rates if right steps are taken to ease inflation. This indicates a 'dovish' stand.

There are several factors that go into determining this other than inflation. Oil prices are stable, the rupee has appreciated and the new government has talked of fiscal discipline by controlling expenditure. Had this not been the case, RBI would not have said that 'it was willing to look at an easing monetary stance.

The onus is now on the new government to take steps to give the comfort to RBI to cut rates. While controlling inflation is RBI's responsibility, stimulating economic growth rests largely with the government.

RBI wants the government to kick-start all stalled investment projects. The government has to work towards bringing in efficiencies to move goods to the market faster than it is done now.

RBI calls it supply side constraints. While demand for goods and services remains high, supply bottlenecks hurt. Analysts therefore do not expect RBI to rapidly cut rates till such time it sees a convincing action by the government.



A dove is an economic policy advisor who promotes monetary policies that involve low interest rates, based on the belief that low interest rates increase employment. Statements that suggest that inflation has few negative effects are called dovish.

The real split has been on political issues that ostensibly have little to do with gender: Women are generally more dovish than men on foreign policy and more inclined to favor an active role for government in economic and social life. An aggressive tone. For example, if the Federal Reserve uses hawkish language to describe the threat of inflation, one could reasonably expect stronger actions from the Fed. There is a similar application to CEO describing an important issue that a firm faces. Opposite of Dovish. 

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Use dovish in a sentence

Dovish: When monetary policy is dovish, it means that policymakers favor looser, more accommodating policy, because they want to stimulate growth in the folks at the Federal Reserve accomplish this primarily by lowering interest rates. Definition of Dovish. Dovish is the opposite of hawkish. This is when an economy is not growing and the government wants to guard agains deflation. which is a decrease in the cost of goods and services. Learn more about deflation here. In other words, they want to do something to stimulate the economy.

Definition of Dovish What does it mean to be "dovish"? What does it mean to have a "dovish tone"? What does it mean if the Fed is said to have a "dovish outlook"? A "dove" is somebody who believes that low interest rates are . Definition: Refers to the tone of language used to describe a situation and the associated implications for actions. For example, if the Federal Reserve bank refers to inflation in .

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